Owning a cat with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is common these days and managing this disorder requires great efforts and is quite an intimidating task for the owner. Diabetes affects a large percentage of cats and is becoming very common.
In Type I diabetes, glucose concentrations is increased because of decreased production of insulin whereas in Type II diabetes, glucose levels are increased because cells in the body responds inappropriately to insulin. Most Cats suffers with Type II diabetes.
Managing DM requires good knowledge by the owner because small glitches can prove fatal for your beloved Feline. The quicker diabetes is controlled, the more likely remission will occur.
So here in this Article we will educate you on how to take care of your diabetic cat and how to administer insulin shots to your Feline.
FIVE CLARIFICATIONS ON HOW TO INJECT INSULIN IN A DIABETIC CAT.
1. CHOOSING THE RIGHT INSULIN.
Insulin is a simple molecule but cat insulin is different from dog insulin and similarly human insulin is totally different.
There are currently 4 insulins commonly in use for cats:
- Vetsulin (also known by the name of Caninsulin in other regions),
- PZI insulin (also known as as Prozinc insulin),
- Lantus® insulin (popularly known as Glargine or Basaglar), and
- Humulin (commonly used in humans).
2. STORAGE AND HANDLING OF INSULIN.
Insulin is the medication used to bring a diabetic cat’s blood sugar to an optimized level. It is a Fragile Hormone. Its effectiveness decreases if exposed to high temperature, so its better to refrigerate it until it is used. If under any circumstances it looks discolored or changed from its original form then its better to discard it and use a new dose.
The insulin bottle has detailed description on it about proper storage and handling. Its better to familiarize yourself with these directions, and if their are any doubts, do clear it with your veterinarian.
3. PREPARING THE INSULIN INJECTION.
- Delicately blend the insulin by moving it between your hands. Roll the container 2 or multiple times so the substance are consistently blended. Abstain from shaking the insulin as this can make bubbles structure
- Insert a clean syringe needle into the top of the insulin bottle. Remove the needle guard from the end of your syringe. Turn the insulin bottle upside-down and slide the needle into the rubber stopper at the top of the bottle.
- Fill the syringe with the right measure of insulin. With the insulin bottle in an inverted position, insert the needle into the insulin bottle. Depress the plunger to constrain air into the container so you’ll have the option to neatly draw the insulin. Measure the best possible dose by drawing back on the plunger until the syringe marker is showing the correct amount. And once the correct amount is pulled, you can remove the needle.
- check the dosage twice and also for air bubbles in the dosage. If their are any air bubbles, insert the syringe into the bottle and collect again.
- cover the needle with the cap to avoid any misshapen.
- Put the insulin back into the fridge.
4. INJECTING THE INSULIN.
- give your cat something to eat before giving the insulin injection.
- make your cat comfortable before giving the injection.
- Put your cat on an even surface.
- Hold the syringe in your dominant hand and grip a tent of skin on your cat’s shoulders or back with the thumb and index finger of your free hand. Your fingers should be about an inch apart.
- Each time the insulin injection should be given to the cat at a different spot so that granuloma is not formed.
- When everything is prepared, remove the cap from the needle.In a smooth, quick movement, push the needle through the skin tent utilizing a 45 degree edge. Consistently depress the plunger to apportion the portion. You need to give the infusion simply under your feline’s skin and not coincidentally in the hide.
- Remove the needle and immediately cap the needle before you dispose it in a proper way.
- Prize your feline. Acclaim your feline in a delicate voice and tenderly pet the feline. You may likewise offer the feline a little treat, similar to a bit of cooked chicken
IMPORTANT NOTE : Before administering insulin to your cat, it is advisable that you practice to neatly draw proper amount of insulin and get yourself comfortable with bottles and syringes.
The above image demonstrates the different injection sites
5. Important Things to keep in mind if you own a diabetic cat.
- It is advisable to give the insulin injections at more or less the same time(s) everyday.
- It is recommended that the Insulin is administered just after the cat has its meal. This will help in balancing the blood sugar level of the cat and the levels will not drop to fatal low levels.
- VetPen makes it easy to give insulin to your diabetic cat.
- It is best not to inject the insulin while the cat is eating, because this may cause your cat to feel nervous and unsafe during meal times. Allow the cat to finish eating undisturbed
- Ask your vet what to do if your cat doesn’t eat or throws up immediately after having a meal. They may recommend giving the cat a reduced dosage in these situations.
- The diet of the cat should be properly monitored because it is an important component.
- The cat’s daily water intake, urine production, appetite, body weight, amount of insulin injected and blood glucose levels should be properly monitored by the owner, depending upon how well-controlled a cat’s blood glucose is
Reach out to your Veterinarian if notice any of the below :• Your cat is not eating or is throwing up immediately after eating or their is decrease in its appetite.• Your cat seems quite lazy or inactive before the insulin is administered.
To get a pictorial presentation of this process, you may visit the below mentioned link.
The more you practice, the sooner you will get comfortable in giving the daily insulin shot to your cat. Once you start following these steps, you will be an expert very soon.
All it takes is the correct choice of insulin , proper storage and handling of the fragile hormone and the right technique of preparing and injecting the insulin in your diabetic cat.
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